» How to Play Thirty One – 31

Though extremely simple in its rules, the game of 31 requires a bit of strategy to win. The object of the game is to reach 31 before all of the other players. The game of 31 can be played by up to nine people, and uses a standard deck of 52 playing cards.

Card Values in Thirty One

Their values are as follows:

  • Ace = 11 points
  • King, queen and jack = 10 points
  • 10 through 2 = face value

The only way cards in a single hand have value, however, is if they are in the same suit. For instance, in a game of 31, a player with a jack of spades, seven of spades and four of hearts would have a hand worth 17. If a player has three different suits, the highest card prevails. The hand above would be worth ten points because the jack of spades was the highest card.

Each player receives three cards from the dealer, who then places the remainder of the deck in the center of the table and turns the top card over, face up, next to the pile. This face up card is the discard pile.

The game begins with the player to the left of the dealer chooses a card from the discard pile or the deck, and then discards one card on the discard pile. No one can take the top card of the discard pile and then return it in the same turn. It is obligatory to keep the card selected from the discard, but not from the deck.

The hand winds down to a close once one player knocks rather than drawing a card. This knock will end the player’s turns and also indicate that their hand is a high value. The other players get one more turn to improve their own hands, and then everyone reveals their cards.

Alternately, a player can declare 31 at almost any point in the game. If they receive 31 on the deal, they must declare this or if after drawing and discarding they reach 31, they must immediately make this known. This can happen in the final play after another player has knocked as well.

To tally scores, the players each get to select the suit they want to use for their hand. The player with the lowest hand value loses a life. Should a knocker lose the hand by having a score lower than another player, they forfeit two lives. Should a tie occur between the knocker and another player, the non-knocker loses a life. Should the tie be between other players, all lose a life. When a player declares 31, all the remaining players must forfeit a life.

What is a life? At the beginning of a  31 game, all players have three chips, pennies or other game pieces. These are called “lives” and when a life is lost or forfeited the pieces are placed into the “kitty” in the middle of the table. Once a player has lost all three pieces they will be able to remain in play until their next loss calls for a life. The game continues until all players are eliminated.

29 Comments on How to Play Thirty One – 31

  1. budd morrow says:

    in the game of 31 if only two players are left and one player has one coin and the other player that knocks has two coins,then they show their hands and they both have 25. what is the out come in the event of them both having the same hand?

    • shweep says:

      if only two players are left and they both have the same hand in value, the one that knocked loses because he did not beat the other player.

    • TLeeCenters says:

      Answer to Budd Morrow’s qustion.

      In case of a tie after a Knock, the one that Knocks is the loser.

  2. stella crump says:

    how do I get the game on.my kindle

  3. Dave says:

    The way we play is ,,,,,tie always goes to the knocker….main reason is that the knocker had the balls to knock, hope that makes sense..!~!

    • d criz says:

      if the knocker is tied, the knocker wins, the reason is the other players had an extra round to better their hand and still lost.

      no, u dont have to have the same suit to knock, u could knock with ten high if u thought the other players had worse, but i would recommend against it!

  4. Dolores Scheibly says:

    When you knock in 31,do all three cards have to be the same suit?

  5. DARREN says:

    iF THE GAME IS DOWN TO TWO PLAYERS AND ONE KNOCKS WITH 3 QUEENS AND THE OTHER PLAYER ALSO HAS 30 AND 1/2 BUT IN LOWER CARDS WHAT HAPPENS?

  6. K says:

    Hello, When I used to play this with my family in Canada, you could also get three of a kind (i.e. three queens was equal to 30 points). It provided many more interesting options.

  7. CHRIS BLOOMQUIST says:

    THE CARDS HAVE ALL BEEN DELT. ONE PLAYER HAS 31 ON THE DEAL, BUT ONE PLAYER IS DELT 4 CARDS IN ERROR. THEY CALL MISDEAL. SHOULDN’T THE PLAYER WITH 4 CARDS JUST BE OUT THIS ROUND AND NOT HAVE TO PAY? ALSO, WHEN DEALING, THE DEALER FLIPS ONE CARD UP BY MISTAKE, THEY CALL THAT A MISDEAL ALSO, WHAT IS CORRECT?

  8. Jim v says:

    Knocker ties last played.
    Knocker has 1 life, player has no lives.
    Who wins?

  9. Shawn says:

    Can u go out on a tie?

  10. Kim says:

    If a player knocks, then another player gets scat which causes all but the knocker to be out if the game because they are out of lives…has the knocker lost against the 31 of scat or won?

  11. Marguerite Morgan says:

    If the first person to play the game gets 31 does the other
    Players get a turn.

  12. Randy Caughell says:

    Question in simple skat. 3 players left. Player A knocks, player B and C pick their cards and time for the show. Player A has 30, player B got 31 on the draw, and player C has 30. Who wins or what is the outcome? Just so you know, we play where if you get 31 after someone knocks it does not count. We had a bit of an argument over it, I felt that player B and C should play for the final win. Other say 31 beat all and he should win. Looking forward to your opinion.

  13. Janis Bell says:

    When playing 31 would there be any reason a player would not want either the top card on the disgard pile or a draw from the stack? If the top card on the disgards is a 2 why should the person to their left be penalized with that card since it was not disgarded by the person on their right?

  14. frank says:

    can I hold 31 for example two players left I have one dallar left the other player has two I hold 31 the until he knocks with with 30 I put down 31 is that fair

  15. frank says:

    can you hold 31

  16. jeri says:

    3players are left- 2 are on the county – 1 player has 1 life left. the player with one life knocks with 21 points. 1player also has 21 and the other has 17. what happens now? do the 2 21s play 1 more hand or does the 1 that knocked lose?

  17. Charles Pulse says:

    When a person knocks with four players in the game, and on the final draw of the non knocking players, one player gets a 31, how is the knocker fined? Does the knocker lose one coin or two?

  18. beatris says:

    If I am the dealer in thirty one and my first three cards I deal to myself is thirty one or I deal another player thirty one, does every player lose a life?

  19. Thad Nelson says:

    If someone knocks and another player gets 31, does the person that knocked pay double?

  20. if the player immediately to the left of the player who knocked, knocks immediately after that knock (without selecting a card), we call that a double knock. At which time no one can select a card and the cards are laid down to see who has the lowest total. If a non knocker ties or has higher points than the doubleknocker then the doubleknocker loses; if a nonknockrer ties or has lesser points than the first knocker, the first knocker wins.

  21. sheila hardin says:

    we play 31 a lot but argue on how many people pay per hand we usually play with 8 people each game so I see a lot of people only make the lowest hand pay is that how its suppose to be played cause when we play with 8 then we have 4 people pay per hand then when it goes to 5 or 6 people per hand we make 4 people pay then when it goes to 4 we make 2 people pay

  22. Annette says:

    If a person uses 3 of a kind (no face cards) what is the score? I have a big problem that even being possible! Wouldn’t that mean 3×3=9?
    I find no enjoyment playing three Kings etc. causes a lot of arguments!

  23. Annette Wright says:

    If a person uses 3 of a kind (no face cards) what is the score? I have a big problem that even being possible! Wouldn’t that mean 3×3=9?
    I find no enjoyment playing three Kings etc.

  24. Derek says:

    We play a very straight forward 31. No 30.5. Getting a 31 is always automatic lay down everyone else pays. If you knock and lose its only 1 life. If you knock and tie the knocker loses. Ez pz no discrepancies.

  25. Laura says:

    If you play 31 with a dollar should yor have 4 folds and than your life or is it still 3 and your life? Thanks

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